Forex (FX) is an acronym for Foreign Exchange and hence Forex trading refers to trading of currencies from different countries against each other. With over USD 2000 billion trading per day, Forex is the biggest market in the world, dwarfing the stock market and the best thing is, it is open 24 hours a day!
So how does one earn money in Forex? A Forex trader generates profits by speculating whether a currency will rise or fall against the other. You begin by choosing a currency pair that you expect to change in value and placing your order. For example, you spent USD 1,600 to purchase £1,000 today. Few months later, if the value of sterling pounds versus USD increases, say £1,000 to USD 2000, you would gain USD 400 when you chose to end the trade. Alternatively, one can also hold his currency pair for minutes or days, depending on his own strategy. It is commonly thought that the best money-making opportunities are with the most commonly traded currencies, namely the US Dollar, Euro, British Pound, Swiss Franc, Japanese Yen, Canadian Dollar and Australian Dollar, collectively known as the "Majors".
Although historically only available to large financial institutions and companies, Forex is now accessible by members of public due to the prevalence of the internet and therefore, is a good opportunity for investors to grow their money. Contrary to common notion, you do not need a lot of money to start trading Forex. Some people even start with as little as USD 200.
While there are people who make a living by relying solely on Forex trading, it is important to be realistic with your expectations, especially if you are a beginner. As easy as it sounds, learning the correct strategies and practising with paper trading before using real money can save you from losing your hard-earned money. After all, no investments come without risks and it is how you manage the risk involved that makes the difference.
Forex Beginner: How to Open a Forex Account
Unlike the stock market, Forex trading does not happen at a physical location nor does it have a central exchange. Hence, a Forex trader can trade wherever they are, 24 hours a day for 5.5 days a week! No wonder that Forex trading is so attractive to many new investors.
To start Forex trading, you would first need to open an online trading account where all your currency transactions will take place. Opening a Forex account involves three simple steps:
There are two things to consider when choosing the right Forex trading site for you. First is the leverage the site offers. Each site offers different leverage, which can range from 50:1 to as high as 250:1. A leverage factor of 50:1 for instance, would allow a person with USD 1,000 in his account to trade USD 50,000 in the Forex market. While this could allow you to make large gains with small investments, it can also amplify your losses if a trade moves against you. It is important to understand the risks involved in determining your intended leverage. Also, the trading site should be commission-free, as you do not need to go through a third party, like brokers for stocks. Examine the site properly before you decide to make sure they offer features that you need.
Choose an suitable account type
Forex trading accounts come in different sizes, ranging from USD 25 (micro / mini accounts) to USD 10,000 (standard accounts). Choose the account size according to the amount you want to invest in. Choose Forex trading spot account, which allows instantaneous trades and is more popular, instead of a futures account.
Register for a Forex trading account
Most of the registration is done online and would require your personal details as well as your credit card details for real cash trades. Make sure you enter your email address properly.
Activate your Forex trading account
You would be asked to verify your details through several steps. Make sure you read through and understand the terms and conditions before you sign them online. Pay particular attention to the operating hours of the site, the availability of live technical support and any hidden commission / charges. Some sites also offer a limited-time demo account with no real cash involved. You can use it to familiarise yourself with Forex trading before you trade with real cash.
Congratulations! You are now ready to hit the Forex market!
Understanding Forex Jargon
One of the major frustrations of Forex traders is the awful use of jargon. Googling these terms does not seem to help either because the explanations are more often than not, contain more jargon. Here are five common technical terms used in Forex trading explained in layman terms:
Quote: Forex trading is always done in pairs and thus a currency is always quoted relative to another currency, e.g. USD/JPY, EUR/USD, AUD/GBP. A quote would look like this: USD/JPY = 100.00. The currency on the left (in this case, US dollar) is known as the "base currency" and always equal to 1 unit, whereas the currency on the right (in this case, Japanese Yen) is called the quote or counter currency. A quote is how much worth one unit of the base currency, hence this particular quote means that USD 1 can purchase 100.00 Japanses Yen.
Pip: stands for "percentage in point" which is the smallest increment of trade in Forex. Prices in Forex market are always quoted to the fourth decimal place, except Japanese Yen; e.g. when EUR/USD rises from 1.5200 to 1.5201, it rises by 1 pip. For Japanese Yen, 1 pip is equivalent to 0.01 (two decimal places). Most currency pairs trade between 100 - 150 pips daily.
Bid / Ask: In Forex, to bid means "to buy" whereas "to ask" means "to sell". The quote on the left is the bid (buy) price while the quote on the right is the ask (sell) price, and bidding price is always lower than the asking price. The base currency would be the one in which the transaction would be conducted.
Let's look at the example, EUR/USD 1.2600/02. To sell this currency pair means to sell the base currency, i.e. the EURO. The market would buy your 1 EURO base currency with 1.2600 USD. On the other hand, to buy 1 EURO, you need 1.2602 Japanese Yen.
Spread: is the difference between the ask price and the bid price. Using the same example as above, the spread was 2 pips, which you automatically pay to your broker at every trade.
Margin: The minimum amount of money required to place a trade with a broker. You can trade as long as your account has this minimum amount, otherwise your accounts would be closed down.
There's more to this series. Continue reading…
Next: Five Golden Rules of Forex Trading
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